Some of the civilizations of Peru are: Nazca, Wari, Mocha, Caral, Chimu, Tiahuanaco, Chavin, Paracas. They were followed by the powerful city-states, such as Sipan, Cajamarca, and Chancay, and two empires: Chachapoyas and chemistry. Chemistry, some of Chachapoyas and many city-states were eventually conquered by the Incas.
Incas (1438-1572) created the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. It came from a tribe of Cuzco, which became the capital. Empire was divided into four provinces: Collasuyo, Contisuyo, Chinchasuyo and Antisuyo. For it was quite large, had an impressive system of roads linking all parts of the empire, called the Inca Trail and chasquis, broadcaster messengers that information from anywhere in the empire to Cuzco. Economy based on collective ownership of land.
When the Spaniards came to Peru in 1531 the territory was highly developed Inca civilization nucleus. The center in Cuzco, Inca Empire stretched over a vast region from northern Ecuador to central area of Chile. In search of Inca wealth, the Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro, who arrived in this territory after the Incas, started a war sparked a civil war, then took the weakened population. Spaniards conquered the Inca capital of Cuzco until 1533 in and have consolidated their control asurpa until 1542. Gold and silver from the Andes enriched the conquerors, and Peru have become the main source of wealth and power in South America for Spain.
Movement was led by Jose de San Martin and Simon Bolivar. San Martin proclaimed Peruvian independence on July 28, 1821. Emancipation was completed in December 1824 when General Antonio José de Sucre defeated Spanish troops at Ayacucho ending Spanish rule in South America Peru.
Lima is the capital and its largest city. The city is the main economic center, finanaciar, commercial and cultural center of the country. Called the city of kings, it was over several centuries the most influential city in South America and now attracts tourists from everywhere because of its architecture and museums, nightlife and strong musical scene represented.
Cathedral of Lima of Peru
Is surrounded by 12 heads, one of the shelters the remains of the conquistador. The interior is decorated with crucifixes, columns and chandeliers, and the altar dedicated to St. Toribio of Mogrovejo impressed by its beauty.
Plaza San Martin, is one of the largest and most beautiful squares in Lima, whose architecture was heavily influenced by French style.
Fortaleza del Real Felipe, is a fort with pentagonal-shaped stone walls, built to defend against pirates.
Alameda Chabuca Granda,’s market with three amphitheaters where Creole music concerts. From here you can see the abandoned train station, the Cerro San Cristobal or the colonial residences. Arequipa, is the second largest city in Peru is called the White City because it is built of white stone extracted from volcanic lava that surrounds him. It lies near the Colca Valley, one of the deepest canyons in the world.
Mountainous area, especially the site Huaraz, Peruvian Switzerland called, is very picturesque because glacial lakes and snowy peaks. Tambopata-Candamo Reserve, holds the world’s richest biodiversity, flora and fauna, including over 2,000 types of flowers, birds and 900 1,000 butterflies Peru.