Rightly considered the largest and most important Russian zoo, zoo Boulevard back Gruzinskaia has a troubled history, the location is, currently, one of the most popular establishments of its kind in the world. It was founded during the Czarist period, ie in 1864, by a group of professors of biology at the University of Moscow, on their behalf KF Rulje, etc. Usov and A.P. Bogdanov. In 1919, the Bolshevik regime nationalized it, and over 3 years control of the institution was transferred to the Moscow mayor, who currently owns and garden. During the communist period has increased zoo area and space for animals, originally built of wood in old Russian style, have been replaced by modern housing.
Today, the Moscow zoo covers an area of 21.47 hectares, of which only space for animals has an area of 21.36 hectares. The settlement Moscow hosts a total of 8,270 animals of 917 species only slightly. You can see marsupials, monkeys, exotic birds, bats and insectivorous mammals, elephants, orangutan, with the vast majority of animals owned by any traditional zoo. In fact, Moscow Zoo is world famous for being home to the largest population and growth nuclei of Siberian tigers and Amur leopards, two cat species at imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
Bioparco called by the citizens of the city of Rome on seven hills, zoo in the Italian capital was built in 1908 and, in contrast to most European zoos have ongoing scientific programs, garden remained faithful to Rome or initial goal , which is to provide the public with fun and relaxation. It covers an area of over 12 hectares and was built in the northern district of Villa Borghese. Construction plans have been composed by the famous Carl Hagenbeck, a respected animal trainer who built the zoo in Hamburg.
Here, animals are not kept in cages, but in large spaces, separated by alleys visitors through deep ruts. Among the valuable animals garden, stands a collection of species Kleinmann turtles, a species almost extinct in nature. Since 2007, Italian researchers succeeded in creating the conditions for reproducing in captivity the valuable reptiles.
Zoo and Aquapark Of Madrid
Tourists who come and annually through the capital of Spain, have the privilege of visiting a zoo “classic” located near a huge Acvaparc. Wonderful opportunity to admire in real animals living both on land and those who roam the seas and oceans. The entire assembly is located near Casa de Campo and opened since 1770 under the name “House Fieras”, with the stated aim of the present animals to the American colonies then owned by Spanish Empire.
The new features of zoopark site was built in 1972. Full location has an area of over 20 hectares and consists of a zoo, a corner of the offspring of animals, an aquarium, a dolphinarium and an area dedicated to birds. Other facilities offered to visitors consist of a restaurant, with tours by boat or train. Assembly of Madrid zoo has over 7,000 animals of 500 different species. Here you can meet most of Europe pandas, one of them is the first panda born in Europe, following a process of artificial insemination.
City of Lights has had a zoo since 1793, ongoing French Revolution. According to a decision of the National Council of the same year, all privately owned exotic animals were either donated menagerie of Versailles (future zoo) or killed, stuffed and donated to science museums. True founding fathers of the important cultural and scientific settlement in Paris was Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint Pierre (1737-1814). He was faithful to the principle holds captive animals must live in an environment as close to the areas of origin. He allowed the first scientific research on animals in the zoo, with ordinary people access inside.
In the nineteenth century Paris Zoo has the largest collection of exotic animals in Europe. In leadership there have been many scientists, including renowned scientist Frederic Cuvier. Paris zoo has been in a continuous process of renovation and adaptation since 1808. Last updated proportions took place in 1983, when it was built a modern loft for raptors, and in 2002, when it was increased loft exotic species of pheasants.
The Czech capital is one of the best rated zoos in the world: Prague Zoo is not only a living sanctuary, where animals frolic happy semi-freedom, but a true Noah’s Ark, which were saved valuable species of animal from extinction. The idea behind the garden was put in place in 1881, when Prince Rudolf of Austria marriage with Princess Stephanie of Belgium. Then, a local newspaper has called for the establishment of the Prague zoo. In 1919, a meeting of more teachers and Czech researchers resulted in putting monastic foundation, and on October 28, 1931, the garden was open to the public.
Today, Prague Zoo has an area of 45 hectares and houses about 4,600 copies of 630 animal species. Most precious treasure of the garden lies in the core of Przewalski’s wild horse or Mongolian wild horses. Zoo serious research programs and manages captive breeding the endangered wildlife. Of records held by this facility stands out most in 1938, when first hatched in captivity Andean condor raised by humans. Also in 1942, here was born the first polar bear cub after an artificial insemination (female sympathy named Ilun). The list continues with the first record Przewalski horse foal born in captivity, all following a artificial insemination. During the flood of 2002 that devastated the Czech Republic, Prague Zoo was almost entirely flooded, most of the animals were killed by disasters. Governing body of the garden, along with the City of Prague to copy mobilized and managed in record time restoring and renovating garden stock animals. There is therefore no wonder that, in 2007, the prestigious Forbes Traveller zoo in Prague included in the top zoo in the world.
If you arrive in Vienna, head to Tiergarden Schonbrunn steps, ie Schonbrunn Zoo, located near the palace of the same name. Founded in 1752 as an imperial menagerie, this is actually the first zoo in the world. Emperor Joseph II expeditions in Africa and the Americas, for capturing wild animals for captivity Vienna. Number of animals grew steadily until 1945, when the Allies bombed at Vienna, part of the garden was destroyed, a large number of animals being killed.
Schonbrunn Park is among the few European zoo pandas shelter. Other attractions for visitors consist of a huge enclosure where living conditions are reproduced from Amazonian selva, a large aquarium and inaugurated in 2004, a polarium – properly equipped space conditions at the poles, where you can admire arctic animals and Antarctic. Despite some tragic incidents, such as in 2002 when a jaguar killed his maid before horrified visitors, or that of 2005, when Abu elephant accidentally killed his caretaker, Vienna zoo is safe and class the May aristocratic Austrian style.
Founded in 1852, is among the top zoos in Europe and in the world. It covers 11 hectares and is the most visited Institute of its kind in Denmark: 2008, entered its gates fix 1,161,388 visitors. Zoo is famous for its new Elephant House, designed by famous British architect Sir Norman Foster. Copenhagen zoo develops and promotes more active programs to save from extinction of many animal species.
It was founded by the ornithologist Niels Kjaerbolling the former summer gardens of Princess Vilhelmina. In its first years of operation, the institution focused on presenting a more varied number of animal species, but once animal welfare has become a major challenge, garden specialized in offering a larger living space for animals owned. A big attraction is Savanna Park, where he managed reporducerea faithful living conditions of the African savanna, all culminating with hippos House, where the huge mammals can be traced in the moments dabble. Garden of Copenhagen is one of the few in the world to shelter both Siberian tigers, leopards and Amur. Also it is the only zoo in the world, except Australia, which holds captive devils tazmanieni famous.
Zoologischer Garten Berlin is the oldest and most famous venue of its kind in Germany. Besides this impresioanat, Berlin zoo last year had over 3 million visitors, making it crowned with the title of the most visited zoo in Europe. Open to the public on 1 august 1844, covers 35 hectares. Its first wildlife collections were donated by Frederick William IV, King of Prussia. After bombing during the Second World War the garden was almost completely destroyed, only 91 of the 3,715 copies animals survived the carnage unleashed by Allied air. Among survivors include two lei, two hyenas, an Asian elephant, a hippo, 10 baboons, a chimpanzee, a black stork and several other animals small.
Today, Zoologischer Garten Berlin boasts a collection of 15,912 animals belonging to a total of 1468 species. Garden cooperate in scientific research with several universities and other insitutii prestigious zoos in the world, promoting many endangered animal breeding programs in Europe. Some of the animals born in Berlin zoo are then released into the wild. Garden administered ambitious breeding program for white and black rhinos, as well as Indians hole. Everything inside them is a huge aquarium with a capacity of 25 tonnes of water. A tenant famous Berlin zoo is cute polar bear cub Knut, who was rejected by his mother at birth, was successfully nurtured and raised by devoted caregivers. Other tenants are valuable Asiatic lions, tuatara lizards, pandas and Siberian tigers.
This is the oldest and largest zoo in the country Cantons. Institution annually attracts over 1.7 million visitors stain, making it the most visited tourist attraction in Switzerland. Basel Zoo, and Zoll, how Swiss pamper, covers an area of 13 hectares and houses a total of 6,894 animals of 645 species. Here, the first baby born Indian rhino in captivity saw daylight. Here was born the first baby gorilla in captivity. Succcesul Swiss carers did not stop there: with the efforts and dedication of people, inside garden were born, so far, 18 young cheetahs, 22 okapi, pygmy hippopotamus 53, and hatched over 400 flamingos. There Basel largest Somali wild ass nucleus, a species almost extinct in the wild.
Between attractions include the aquarium, exhibition African Australis, Bird House, Etosha, house and garden Monkeys Sauter. Zoll’s Day, held each year on or around June 26 in Basel zoo is open and at night, giving visitors the opportunity to observe fragments of nocturnal animal activity. Other successes of the garden consist of breeding programs captivity valuable Snow leopards, monkeys, squirrels and European otters. Basel Zoo Travel Forbes lists the most important 15 zoos in the world, while expert Anthony Sheridan in the Zoological Society of London it among the top seven European zoo.
On July 6, 1929, Kracowski Ogrod opens Zoologiczny visitors. Was selected location could not be better for animals – the middle of a park of 500 hectares where old trees grew and shadows. Institution had a fulminant evolution, from 4 acres and 111 animals of 37 species in the inauguration on 20 acres and 1,500 animals of 260 species for the year 2009.
Among the stars of the garden include Citta quadrupeds and Baby, two cute Asian elephants, a herd of Mongolian wild horses, pygmy hippos, David’s deer, antelope Addax rare, bongo, Lechwe and goats pool. Other residents values are condorii Andean Chinese leopards, wolves ridge of the South American pampas, Chapman’s zebras, foxes, and gibbon desert cats, dwarf caimans, pythons tiger.